Splinter In Your Mind

religion, philosophy, technocopia, et al.


David Portela is a technophile who works in ministry to the Refúgio counselling and training center in São Paulo, Brazil.


Some philosophers have been grouped together since their works and ideas are covered by a shared source.

Vedantic Scriptures (c.800-c.1500? BCE)

Thales (c.625-c.545 BCE)

Anaximander (c. 610-546 BCE)

Pythagoras (c.580-500 BCE)

Anaximenes (d. 528 BCE)

Parmenides (c.515- after 450 BCE)

Anaxagoras (500-428 BCE)

Zeno of Elea (c.490-430 BCE)

Protagoras (c.485-c.420 BCE)

Democritus (c.460-c.370 BCE)

Diogenes (c.404-323 BCE)

Lao-zi (c.570-c.490? BCE)

Gautama Buddha (c.563-c.483 BCE)

K’ung Fu-zi [Confucius] (551-479 BCE)

Sun Zi [Sun Tzu] (544-496 BCE)

Mo-zi (479-438 BCE)

Socrates (c.470-399 BCE)
Xenophon (c. 431-355 BCE)
Plato (c.428-c.348 BCE)

Note: For Plato’s works, I prefer the grouping and order theorized and proposed by Bernard Suzanne in 1995. It is as follows:

  • Tetralogy I
          Alcibiades I
  • Tetralogy II
          Hippias Major
          Hippias Minor
  • Tetralogy III
  • Tetralogy IV
  • Tetralogy V
  • Tetralogy VI
  • Tetralogy VII

Hippocrates (c. 460-370 BCE)

Aristotle (384-322 BCE)

Meng-zi [Mencius] (c.371-c.289 BCE)

Zhuang-zi (?? 369-298 BCE)

Pyrrho (c.365-275 BCE)

Epicurus (c.341-271 BCE)

Zeno of Kition (c.334-c.262 BCE)

Xun-zi (c.310-c.220 BCE)

Han Fei-zi (280-233 BCE)

Lucretius (c.99-c.55 BCE)

Philo (20 BCE-50 CE)

Apollonius of Tyana (c.4 BCE – ? CE)

Seneca the Younger (5-65 CE)

Wang Ch’ung (27-97 CE)

Epictetus (c.55-135 CE)

Nāgārjuna (c.100-165 CE)

Marcus Aurelius (c.121-180 CE)

Sextus Empiricus (fl c.200 CE)

Plotinus (c.205-70 CE)

Gregory of Nyssa (c.330-c.394 CE)

Augustine (354-430 CE)

Hypatia (c.370-415 CE)

Coming up: Medieval Philosophy (after a few days)

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